Early Stages of the City
The city of Oulu was founded on the mainland facing the castle on the 8th of April 1605. King of Sweden, Charles IX, gave the order to Isak Bhem to found the city.
The construction of the castle of Oulu was finished in 1590. When an armory was established next to the castle in 1614, industrial trade began to spark up in the city. In order to ease drilling of gun barrels, the king ordered a drill factory to be built in 1617.
In 1610 the city received its own city rights, which ordered three blacksmiths, tailors, and shoemakers, two goldsmiths and tanners, one carpenter, painter, chamois maker, and hatter, and as many bakers and butchers as needed. The city had less than a thousand residents in the 15th century.