Plot parcelling and other survey services
Parcelling of plots and building sites
In the detailed plan area of the city of Oulu, a planned plot that is in accordance with the confirmed detailed plan and the approved binding subdivision plan is formed into a real estate by plot parcelling. After the survey becomes legally valid, the plot is registered in the Real Estate Register. It is important to note that only a plot that is registered in the Real Estate Register is suitable for building!
Plot parcelling is initiated by the owner's application or after the National Land Survey of Finland has informed the Cadastral Surveyor Services unit about the title registration of an unseparated parcel . The owner must have a title registration for the real estates or unseparated parcels from which the plot is formed. You can submit a title registration application to the National Land Survey of Finland.
You can apply for parcelling in the electronic application service. You can also apply by filling in the application form and sending it to the Cadastral Surveyor Services either by mail or by email.
A building permit can only be granted for a plot registered in the Real Estate Register and it is therefore necessary to begin the parcelling process well in advance of the intended construction or other need, preferably already in the previous summer. Parcelling of a plot takes about 1-3 months including registration. In urgent cases, the applicant can expedite the procedure by obtaining a written approval from all parties involved.
The cost of plot parcelling is generally paid by the owner of the plot to be parcelled. The parcelling fee varies depending on the size of the plot, and the bases for pricing can be seen in the city's cadastral survey fee document (in Finnish).
Minutes and a map will be drawn up of the parcelling of a plot.
As a result of the 2013 municipal merger, the city of Oulu has confirmed city areas with a guiding subdivision plan in force. If there is not a need to prepare a binding subdivision plan, building sites in accordance with the guiding subdivision plan are separated into real estate units by parcelling. The city of Oulu also carries out parcellings of guiding building sites into real estate units within its Real Estate Register area. Parcelling of a building site is initiated the same way as parcelling of a plot.
As a rule, the owner of the building site is responsible for the costs of parcelling a building site that is in accordance with the detailed plan. The parcelling fee varies depending on the size of the building site, and the bases for pricing can be seen in the city's cadastral survey fee document (in Finnish).
Minutes and a map will be drawn up of the parcelling of a building site.
Parcelling of building sites in sparsely populated areas and shore plan areas are carried out by the National Land Survey of Finland.
Other survey services
To benefit a property, a permanent right of use may be established in the area of another register unit regarding the following:
- Abstraction and and conduction of water for household consumption, and placement and use of a water pipe and related devices and structures
- Conduction of water for land drainage
- Placement and use of a pipe and other devices and structures related to the conduction and treatment of wastewater
- Installation and use of telephone, electricity, gas, heating or other such cables, as well as devices and structures related to the cables
- Use of an area that is required for a storage for vehicles, storage for boats, dock, swimming area, storage and loading area for timber, and in the detailed plan area, use of an area required for a communal yard
- Use of a piece of land needed for fishing
- Collecting stone, gravel, sand, clay, peat or other comparable soil material
- Placement and use of structures necessary for civil defense
- Installing and using the properties' common heat station or waste collection point
- Area needed for access in the detailed plan area
Real estate easements are established by the owner's application in connection with parcelling of a plot or construction site, or as a separate easement survey, and their establishment usually requires an easement agreement between the property owners.
The establishment of an easement is requested from the keeper of the Real Estate Register. In the detailed plan areas of the city of Oulu, parcelling is requested through the electronic application service. You can also apply by sending an application form to the Cadastral Surveyor Services either by mail or by email.
Minutes of and a map will be drawn up of the survey.
As a rule, the costs of an easement survey are paid by the party who benefits from the survey. The price is determined according to the city's cadastral survey fees.
Amalgamation of real estates is possible if:
- the real estates are owned by the same person or persons with equal shares
- the real estates are own with similar rights
- the real estates are located in the same municipality
- the real estates belong to or are meant to be used as a single unit
- the amalgamation does not cause unpurposeful location of a real estate unit and does not pose a threat to the clarity of the real estate system
- the real estate to be amalgamated is not a bankruptcy estate nor does it belong to one and neither of the real estates is subject to preventative measures
- the properties are not subject to mortgages, or they are only subject to joint mortgages of the same amount and position in the order of precedence, or in addition to them, only one property is subject to mortgages with a lower position in the order of precedence than the joint mortgages.
The real estate to be created as a result of the amalgament can be registered in the Real Estate Register before the end of the appeal period, if the decision is in accordance with the application.
The establishment of an easement is requested from the keeper of the Real Estate Register. In the detailed plan area of the city of Oulu, amalgament is requested through the electronic application service. You can also apply by sending an application form to the Cadastral Surveyor Services either by mail or by email.
The cost of an amalgament decision made by the city of Oulu is determined according to the city's cadastral survey fees.
Real estate definition
In order to deal with disputes or ambiguities regarding the scope of the real estate or other register unit or the division of the real estate in other ways, a real estate definition is carried out. Real estate definition is used to examine and resolve:
• ambiguity regarding the location of the border and border marker (demarcation)
• ambiguity about which register unit an area belongs to
• ambiguity regarding the right of easement and the location of the easement
• the property's share of a common area or common special benefit and the size of the share, as well as the special benefit belonging to the property
• participating property units of the common area or common special benefit and the sizes of the shares belonging to them
• the contents of an unclear, lost or damaged procedure document or map
• ambiguity due to conflicting procedure documents or maps
• other ambiguity related to real estate division.
The survey is requested from the keeper of the Real Estate Register. In the detailed plan area of the city of Oulu, real estate definition is requested through the electronic application service. You can also apply by sending an application form to the Cadastral Surveyor Services either by mail or by email.
Minutes and a map will be prepared of the survey.
The cost of a demarcation made by the city of Oulu is determined according to the city's cadastral survey fees. The price of other real estate definition surveys is determined by the time spent according to the hourly prices specified in the cadastral survey fees.
Parcelling of a public area
Public areas determined in the detailed plan are formed into properties by the parcelling procedure of a public area. For example, streets (K), parks (VP), market squares (G), water areas (W), special areas (E) and traffic areas (L) are public areas. The survey is usually initiated at the city's request. The city will also take ownership of street areas in the first detailed plan by parcelling.
Parcelling of public areas are carried out in the city's Cadastral Surveyor Services unit.
Changing a real estate unit to a plot
With the decision of the keeper of the Real Estate Register, a plot can be registered without parcelling based on the owner's application to the Real Estate Register, if the boundaries of the old property are exactly the same as the boundaries of the new plot indicated in the valid subdivision plan. In this case, no field work is done.
Registration usually takes about a week. The costs are paid by the property owner.